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No 26
Vol. 26 No. 7
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Introduction: The main purpose of this research was to compare the effect of Classic Choice Theory training with Islamic Choice Theory training on marital satisfaction and forgiveness between marriage women. Methods: 60 person from marriage women were selected by cluster sampling and divided into two experimental groups and control group (n=20). Marital Satisfaction and forgiveness Scales were conducted to collect basic level data. The participants of experimental group were attending in Classic Choice Theory (first group) and Islamic Choice Theory (second group) training protocol for 8 sessions. Both inventories were conducted again after training period for all. Results: The results of post-tests were compared with basic level through covariance analysis. The results of covariance analysis showed a significant difference between two experimental groups with control group and increase of marital satisfaction and forgiveness. Also there is a significant difference between two experimental groups so as marital satisfaction and forgiveness increase in Islamic training more than classic training. Conclusion: The implications of these results are discussed with respect to the utility of applying Islamic choice theory training for significantly increase of marital satisfaction and forgiveness.
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Keywords : Islamic teaching, choice theory, forgiveness, marital satisfaction
Introduction: results of many conducted researches showed that, workplace negative behaviors has many personal and organizational concequences. Therefore, current research was carried out with the purpose of investigating the mediating role of anger on the relationship between perceived organizational injustice with workplace incivility. Method: The statistical sample of this research consists of 265 employees of Isfahan main office of education and training and its six districts who were chosen by convenience sampling method from among the total of 862 employees. In this research a set of questionnaire consisting of organizational injustice by Niehoff and Moorman (1993), anger in workplace by Van Alderan, Miss and Kumpero (1997) and workplace incivility by Blue and Anderson (2005) were used. Data were analyzed by using of Pearson’s correlation coefficient and Structural Equation Model (SEM). Results: findings showed that there are significant relationship (p<0/01) between interactive injustice, anger and incivility. Moreover, between anger and incivility. Furthermore, the results of structural equation modeling revealed that there are significant chain relationship between perception of injustice (distributive, procedural and interactive), anger and incivility (p<0.01). Conclusion: Based on current research’s results it can be concluded that, anger in workplace could be increased through perceived organizational injustice and workplace incivility could be increased through anger.
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Keywords : Perceived organizational injustice, Anger, Workplace incivility
Introduction: Recent studies showed the effect of socio-cultural context on how to set privacy. The aim of this study was to investigate the semantic structure of privacy in Iranian culture. Method: In a cross-sectional study 100 (40 people in the first phase and 60 people in the second phase) were selected using convenience sampling method. In the first phase through producing the associative terms task, 9 most-frequent words was extracted that were associated with privacy. In the second phase the participants were evaluated the pair relationship between these words with using judged-similarity task. Results: Correspondence analysis results indicate that the mapping of components in two dimensions. So that extracted components related with privacy on its individualistic and collectivistic basis. While the individualistic components express the universal principles of privacy, collectivistic components is a sign of cultural influences in defining of privacy. Conclusion: Results are discussed in terms of the universal and culture-bond basis of privacy.
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Keywords : Correspondence Analysis, Privacy, Semantic Structure, Culture
Structural Equation Modeling of Relationships between Parental Acceptance-Rejection, Social Information Processing and Adolescents' Aggression Introduction: Present study investigated the mediating role of social information processing in the relationships between parental acceptance-rejection and adolescents' aggression. Method: Participants were 464 junior high schools in Qazvin city (233 girls and 231 boys) who were selected by multistage cluster sampling. To assessing research variables, Parental Acceptance – Rejection Questionnaire, child version (Rohner, 2005), Social Fiction (Tur-Kaspa & Brayan, 1994) and Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perri, 1992) were used. The data was analyzed by structural equation modeling applying AMOS Results: The result showed that final model has a good fitness. Also, findings of research hypothesis analysis showed that mother acceptance-rejection has been increased adolescents' aggression, by direct and indirect effects, (through decrease scores of social information processing, consist of recognize and interpretation, and decision making). Father acceptance-rejection didn't show any effect on research variables. Conclusion: In general, results of present research provided evidences for mediating role of social information processing in the relationships between mother acceptance-rejection and adolescents' aggression
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Keywords : : parental acceptance-rejection, social information processing, aggression, adolescents
Aim: The current study was conducted by the aim of investigating the relationship between sympathy and empathy with the desire to spirituality in university students. Method: Research method is descriptive correlational. The study sample is includes all students in psychology college in central Azad university of Tehran. The number of sample, based on Morgan table is 385 people (10 men and 283 woman) and the sampling method is available Data collection instrument includes self- report scale for sympathy of Rashton et al (1981), empathy scale of Mehrabian and Epstein (1972) and Robert Cloninger questionnaire for desire to spirituality (2003). Data analysis and statistical analysis were done by correlation and multi- variate regression. Result: The findings suggest that there is a significant relationship between sympathy, the desire to spirituality (sig= 0.006, r= 0.139) and between empathy and the desire to spirituality (sig= 0.000, r= 0.412). All dimensions of empathy had a significant relationship with sympathy and the desire to spirituality variants. Regression coefficient also confirmed the relationship and indicated that sympathy can be a positive and significant prediction for the desire to spirituality. Additionally, empathy variant, the elements of cooperation empathy and empathy towards others can also significantly predict the desire to spirituality. In investigating the conceptual model of the research, the appropriateness indicates of the study and the relationship between variants were confirmed. Conclusion: based on the findings, the increase in sympathy, empathy and the desire to spirituality among young people is a necessary issue and any kind of improvement in spirituality can lead to developments in emphatic values.
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Keywords : sympathy, empathy, spirituality, university students

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